FRENCH AS SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IN NIGERIA

A CRITIQUE OF VARIATION IN FRENCH LANGUAGE IN EJIGBO TOWN

  • Alaje, Olubunmi Oyebola
Keywords: French, Second official language, Nigeria, Critique of variation, Ejigbo

Abstract

The users of a language come from various social classes. Their language, therefore, is influenced by the social norms and cultural patterns. Language is not something set in stone but an evolving body of work, subject to various forms of adjustment. Language variations are accepted differently in different communities because variation is a characteristic of language. Participant's observation and structured interview were used to collect data on the history and sociology of French in Ejigbo community. The data reveal that the indigenes and residents of Ejigbo community have different patterns such as code-mixing, slang and code-switching in the use of French to demonstrate their linguistic identity with French as a popular language of interactions in the community. With socio-linguistic variation theory, this paper identified different modes of usage as language of interactions among the indigenes and residents of Ejigbo community. Despite the distance between Ejigbo town and Nigeria's bordering Francophone countries, Ejigbo inhabitants are able to use the language with relative competence. This paper, therefore, concludes that French language has been firmly rooted among the inhabitants of Ejigbo community.

Published
2020-01-31