A SPEECH ACT ANALYSIS OF EX-PRESIDENT OLUSEGUN OBASANJO'S LETTER TO PRESIDENT MUHAMMADU BUHARI.

  • Butari Nahum Upah
  • Enefola Samson
Keywords: SPEECH ACT ANALYSIS, EX-PRESIDENT, OLUSEGUN OBASANJO, PRESIDENT MUHAMMADU BUHARI

Abstract

This work, titled “A Speech Act Analysis of Olusegun Obasanjo's letter to President Muhammadu Buhari,” explores the various speech acts employed by Olusegun Obasanjo in his letter to President Muhammadu Buhari. The work is borne out of the fact that there are a number of pragmatic analyses of letters but none has been done on the pragmatic analysis of any letter which is used as a political tool.  The work therefore attempts to prove that letters can be used as political tools designed to achieve political aims.  Consequently, the theoretical framework adopted to sufficiently interrogate the data for the work is Searl's modification of J. L. Austin's speech act theory which clearly explains how words are used to achieve specific tasks.  The findings of the work reveal that the writer has chosen his words carefully to achieve specific objectives but with the aim of persuading President Buhari from re-contesting and persuading Nigerians not to vote him into power if he goes ahead to re-contest.  Out of a total of 39 speech acts analysed in this work, 25 are assertives, seven directives, five commissives and two expressives, alluding to the fact that the main aim of the letter is persuasion. 

Published
2020-01-31